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Transmission of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae Through Stolons in Strawberry Plants

Pastrana, A. M., Watson, D. C., Gordon, T. R.
Plant disease 2019 v.103 no.6 pp. 1249-1251
Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium wilt, cultivars, death, discoloration, growth retardation, industry, petioles, roots, stolons, strawberries, wilting, California
Fusarium wilt of strawberry, caused by the soilborne pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae, is a growing threat to the strawberry industry worldwide. Symptoms of the disease typically include stunting, wilting, crown discoloration, and eventual plant death. When Fusarium wilt was discovered in California, the disease was not known to occur anywhere else in North America. Long distance movement of the pathogen would most likely occur through transport of infected plants, which seems plausible if strawberry plants can sustain infections without showing symptoms of disease. The results of this study document that F. oxysporum f. sp. fragariae can move through stolons of infected mother plants and colonize first-generation daughter plants. The pathogen can also move through stolons from first to second-generation daughter plants. Daughter plants of both generations were always symptomless. The pathogen was recovered from both roots and petioles of infected daughter plants. Similar results were obtained for two cultivars known to be susceptible to Fusarium wilt, Albion and Monterey. Transmission through stolons from mother to daughter plants also occurred in the resistant cultivar, San Andreas, but less frequently than in Albion and Monterey.