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Salmonella enterica Serotype Newport Infections in the United States, 2004–2013: Increased Incidence Investigated Through Four Surveillance Systems
- Crim, Stacy M., Chai, Shua J., Karp, Beth E., Judd, Michael C., Reynolds, Jared, Swanson, Krista C., Nisler, Amie, McCullough, Andre, Gould, L. Hannah
- Foodborne pathogens & disease 2018 v.15 no.10 pp. 612-620
- Salmonella Newport, antibiotic resistance, ceftriaxone, children, demographic statistics, digestive system diseases, disease surveillance, geographical distribution, human diseases, laws and regulations, risk factors, salmonellosis, sediments, serotypes, streams, United States
- Newport is the third most common Salmonella enterica serotype identified among the estimated 1.2 million human salmonellosis infections occurring annually in the United States. Risk factors for infection and food items implicated in outbreaks vary by antimicrobial resistance pattern. We conducted a descriptive analysis of data from four enteric disease surveillance systems capturing information on incidence, demographics, seasonality, geographic distribution, outbreaks, and antimicrobial resistance of Newport infections over a 10-year period from 2004 through 2013. Incidence increased through 2010, then declined to rates similar to those in the early years of the study. Incidence was highest in the South and among children <5 years old. Among isolates submitted for antimicrobial susceptibility testing, 88% were susceptible to all antimicrobials tested (pansusceptible) and 8% were resistant to at least seven agents, including ceftriaxone. Rates of pansusceptible isolates were also highest in the South and among young children, particularly in 2010. Pansusceptible strains of Newport have been associated with produce items and environmental sources, such as creek water and sediment. However, the role of environmental transmission of Newport in human illness is unclear. Efforts to reduce produce contamination through targeted legislation, as well as collaborative efforts to identify sources of contamination in agricultural regions, are underway.