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Dynamics of Entangled cis-1,4-Polyisoprene Confined to Nanoporous Alumina
- Politidis, Christos, Alexandris, Stelios, Sakellariou, Georgios, Steinhart, Martin, Floudas, George
- Macromolecules 2019 v.52 no.11 pp. 4185-4195
- adsorption, aluminum oxide, annealing, cooling, desorption, dielectric spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, electric field, energy, geometry, glass, heat, molecular weight, nanopores, polymers, temperature
- The dynamics of a series of entangled cis-1,4-polyisoprenes located within self-ordered nanoporous alumina templates are studied as a function of the degree of confinement, 2Rg/d (Rg is the radius of gyration and d is the pore diameter) with dielectric spectroscopy and temperature-modulated differential scanning calorimetry. For the higher molecular weights, the segmental dynamics obtained on cooling speed-up under confinement resulting in a lower glass temperature, Tg, with respect to the bulk, scaling as ΔTg = −62 × (2Rg/d). This effect is discussed in terms of the proposed relation of the glass temperature to the interfacial energy. Under confinement, a new process appears with an Arrhenius temperature dependence and with a dielectric strength that increases linearly with the increasing degree of confinement. This mode is discussed in terms of the adsorption/desorption kinetics of segments in the vicinity of the pore walls. The particular geometry employed here with the electric field being parallel to the polymer/surface interface maximizes the contribution of adsorbed segments. Moreover, with temperature-modulated differential scanning calorimetry and dielectric spectroscopy, we address the origin of the dual glass temperature, Tg, found on the heating traces. By employing several temperature/annealing protocols, we show that the higher Tg is conditional; it appears only when the lower Tg is crossed on the previous cooling run. These findings could suggest that the lower Tg is the one closer to equilibrium.