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Performance of Chaetosiphon fragaefolii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Different Strawberry Cultivars

Benatto, A, Penteado, S C, Zawadneak, M A C
Neotropical entomology 2019 v.48 no.4 pp. 692-698
Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, antibiosis, crop production, cultivars, hosts, odors, pests, population growth, prediction, production technology, reproduction, strawberries
The green aphid Chaetosiphon fragaefolii (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is one of the most important pests of strawberry production systems worldwide. One of the fundamental points for developing management strategies for this aphid is the understanding of its population growth since this allows predictions about future population peaks and which are the most appropriate hosts for its survival and reproduction. Thus, the goal of this study was to evaluate the biological and population growth parameters of C. fragaefolii in four strawberry cultivars (Albion, Aromas, Camarosa, and San Andreas). The highest survival of the nymph stage was observed in ‘San Andreas’ (87%) and the lowest in ‘Camarosa’ (43%). ‘Albion’ had the highest net reproductive rate (R₀ = 6.39) and the mean time for the population to double in number (TD = 5.61), thus presenting the best reproductive parameters for C. fragaefolii. ‘Camarosa’ and ‘Aromas’ had the lowest R₀ values (2.65 and 2.70, respectively) and the highest TD values (10.89 and 10.34, respectively). We conclude that antibiosis mechanisms are involved in the resistance process of ‘Camarosa’ to C. fragaefolii. The characterization and the use of resistant cultivars can be an essential strategy to assist aphid management.