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Bismuth oxyfluoride/bismuth oxyiodide nanocomposites enhance visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity
- Chen, Chiing-Chang, Fu, Jing-Ya, Chang, Jia-Lin, Huang, Shiuh-Tsuen, Yeh, Tsung-Wen, Hung, Jiun-Ting, Huang, Peng-Hao, Liu, Fu-Yu, Chen, Li-Wen
- Journal of colloid and interface science 2018 v.532 pp. 375-386
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, bismuth, energy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, gentian violet, hot water treatment, irradiation, light, nanocomposites, pH, photocatalysis, reflectance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopes, scanning electron microscopy, superoxide anion, temperature, transmission electron microscopy
- This is the first paper to report a series of bismuth oxyfluoride/bismuth oxyiodide (BiOₚFq/BiOₓIy) nanocomposites with different F/I molar ratios, pH values, and reaction temperatures that were synthesized through a template-free and controlled hydrothermal method. These nanocomposites were characterized through scanning electron microscope energy dispersive microscopy (SEM-EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). Under visible-light irradiation, the BiOₚFq/BiOₓIy composites exhibited excellent photocatalytic activities in the degradation of crystal violet (CV) and 2-hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA). The order of rate constants was BiOF/BiOI > BiOI ≫ BiOF. The photocatalytic activity of BiOF/BiOI composites reached a maximum rate constant of 0.2305 h⁻¹, 1.2 times higher than that of BiOI and 100 times higher than that of BiOF. Thus, the derived BiOF/BiOI is crucial for photocatalytic activity enhancement. After the removal of CV in the third cycle, no apparent deficits in photocatalytic activity were observed, and the observed deficit was 8.2% during the fifth run. Overall, the catalytic activity and stability observed for the proposed composites were determined to be adequate under visible-light irradiation. For various scavengers, the noted quenching effects demonstrated that reactive O₂⁻ has a notable role in the degradation of the applied CV.