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Potentiality of yeasts obtained as beer fermentation residue to be used as probiotics

Sampaolesi, Sofía, Gamba, Raúl Ricardo, De Antoni, Graciela Liliana, León Peláez, Ángela María
Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2019 v.113 pp. 108251
Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, Pichia kudriavzevii, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, aflatoxin B1, beers, biomass, biopreservatives, brewers yeast, brewing, brewing industry, byproducts, carcinogenicity, fermentation, gastrointestinal system, germination, human cell lines, probiotics, wastes
Beer is the most consumed alcoholic beverage worldwide and brewery is a growing industry. Biomass by-product of beer production is constituted by viable and non-viable flocculated yeasts which are discarded. To increase the value of this waste, the potential applications of the beer fermentation residue (BFR) as probiotic and bio-preservative were studied. Strains isolated from commercial brewing starters and BFRs were identified. The M6 BFR and its constituent strains, Saccharomyces cerevisiae CMUNLPY6.2 and Pichia kudriavzevii CMUNLPY6.1, proved to be the most resistant to gastrointestinal conditions in vitro. The cell-free supernatants obtained from micro-fermentations were capable to reduce Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus germination, two species well-known to produce the potent carcinogenic aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). A cytoprotective effect of the BFRs against AFB1 on HepG2 cells was observed. Brewing yeasts bound AFB1in vitro, thus reducing the cell damage induced by the toxin. Throughout the study, yeasts grown in brewing wort showed better probiotic properties than the same yeasts grown in YPD broth. These results suggest that the wastes obtained from brewery would become a high-value probiotic product.