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The impact of extrusion parameters on physicochemical, nutritional and sensorial properties of expanded snacks from pea and oat fractions

Author:
Saldanha do Carmo, Cátia, Varela, Paula, Poudroux, Claire, Dessev, Tzvetelin, Myhrer, Kristin, Rieder, Anne, Zobel, Hanne, Sahlstrøm, Stefan, Knutsen, Svein Halvor
Source:
Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2019 v.112 pp. 108252
ISSN:
0023-6438
Subject:
beta-glucans, cholesterol, extrusion, fructose, glucose, health claims, oats, peas, raw materials, sensation, snacks, temperature, texture, water content
Abstract:
The objective of this study was to explore the production of an expanded snack entirely based on pea- and oat-rich fractions using the extrusion technology. The effect of the die temperature, HZ6 (146–175 °C) and blend moisture content, MC (11.2 and 16.8% dry basis) were investigated aiming at maximizing expansion, while obtaining a good texture and pleasant sensory perception. The best response was obtained with a HZ6 of 160 °C and MC of 11.2%. MC was the parameter that most influenced final extrudate properties/responses. The gross composition of the raw-material was not modified by extrusion processing apart from a decrease in glucose and fructose content attributed to Maillard reactions. The snacks contained 3.5 g of β-glucan per portion. This is high enough for both approved EFSA health claims: lowers cholesterol and reduces post-prandial glucose response.
Agid:
6465551