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Effects of cerium oxide on rice seedlings as affected by co-exposure of cadmium and salt

Wang, Yaoyao, Wang, Lingqing, Ma, Chuanxin, Wang, Kexiang, Hao, Yi, Chen, Qing, Mo, You, Rui, Yukui
Environmental pollution 2019 v.252 pp. 1087-1096
DNA damage, Oryza sativa, antioxidant activity, biomass, cadmium, cadmium chloride, ceric oxide, chlorophyll, genotoxicity, hydroponics, oxidative stress, phenotype, proline, rice, seedlings, sodium, sodium chloride
Effects of CeO2 NPs (200 mg.L−1) on rice (Oryza sativa L.) alone or co-exposure with cadmium (Cd) and salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) were investigated in hydroponic systems for two weeks. Physiological results show that rice biomass was significantly inhibited when NaCl or CdCl2 added alone or in co-exposure treatment. CeO2 NPs significantly relieve the chlorophyll damage under CdCl2 environmental stress. The presence of CeO2 NPs alleviated both stressors induced damages to rice as indicated by the reduced proline level. Additionally, CeO2 NPs triggered the antioxidant defense systems to counteract the oxidative stress caused by NaCl and CdCl2. The level of 8-OHdG, one of the most important indicators for genotoxicity, in rice suggest that the presence of CeO2 NPs reduced the DNA damage in NaCl treated rice. Elemental analysis indicated that co-exposure to NaCl and CdCl2 slightly decreased the Cd content as compared to the one in the CdCl2 alone treatment, and this co-exposure also significantly reduced the Na content when comparing with the NaCl alone treatment. Taken together, our findings suggest that CeO2 NPs could alleviate the CdCl2 and NaCl stresses, but could not completely change the phenotype of both contaminants treated rice.