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Changes of heavy metal fractions during co-composting of agricultural waste and river sediment with inoculation of Phanerochaete chrysosporium

Chen, Yanrong, Chen, Yaoning, Li, Yuanping, Wu, Yanxin, Zeng, Ziping, Xu, Ran, Wang, Sha, Li, Hui, Zhang, Jiachao
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.378 pp. 120757
Phanerochaete chrysosporium, agricultural wastes, bioavailability, cadmium, composting, copper, heavy metals, lead, models, organic matter, pH, rivers, sediments, zinc
The effects of Phanerochaete chrysosporium on the bioavailability of multiple heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn) in river sediments were investigated by co-composting with the agricultural waste. The results showed that the Phanerochaete chrysosporium inoculation can greatly enhance the passivation on Cu, Pb and Cd during 60 days co-composting. The effects in the three metals followed the order: Cu > Cd > Pb. There were no differences for Zn whether inoculation with P. chrysosporium or not. Redundancy analysis (RDA) implied that more than 4/5 of the variation of all fractions data for all heavy metals was explained by all significant canonical axes. P. chrysosporium can change the significant parameters for each metal and enhance the explanatory power of RDA model. The inoculation can strengthen the effect of OM (organic matter) on the bioavailability of heavy metals, but weaken the contribution of pH.