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The standardized herbal combination BNO 2103 contained in Canephron® N alleviates inflammatory pain in experimental cystitis and prostatitis
- Nausch, Bernhard, Pace, Simona, Pein, Helmut, Koeberle, Andreas, Rossi, Antonietta, Künstle, Gerald, Werz, Oliver
- Phytomedicine 2019 pp. 152987
- Centaurium erythraea, analgesic effect, analgesics, animal models, anti-inflammatory activity, antibiotics, biosynthesis, cell free system, cystitis, enzymes, high performance liquid chromatography, humans, inflammation, leaves, lovage, mechanism of action, mice, microsomes, monocytes, neutrophils, pain, peritonitis, prostaglandins, prostatitis, rats, rosemary, somatosensory disorders
- Urinary tract infections are among the most common types of infections and give rise to inflammation with pain as one of the main symptoms. The herbal medicinal product Canephron® N contains BNO 2103, a defined mixture of pulverized rosemary leaves, centaury herb, and lovage root, and has been used in the treatment of urinary tract infections for more than 25 years.To test the hypothesis that BNO 2103 reduces pain in cystitis and prostatitis by virtue of anti-inflammatory properties, and to reveal potential mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory features.BNO 2103 was studied for anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties in three animal models in vivo, and the mode of action underlying the anti-inflammatory features was investigated in human leukocytes and cell-free assays in vitro.To assess the anti-inflammatory and analgesic efficacy of BNO 2103 we employed cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis and carrageenan-induced prostatitis in rats, and zymosan-induced peritonitis in mice. Human neutrophils and monocytes as well as isolated human 5-lipoxygenase and microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase-1-containing microsomes were utilized to assess inhibition of leukotriene and/or prostaglandin E2 production by HPLC and/or ELISA.When given orally, BNO 2103 reduced inflammation and hyperalgesia in experimental cystitis in rats, while individual components of BNO 2103 also reduced hyperalgesia. Furthermore, BNO 2103 reduced hyperalgesia in rats with carrageenan-induced prostatitis. Cell-based and cell-free studies implicate inhibition of prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4 biosynthesis as potential mechanisms underlying the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.Our data support the hypothesis that BNO 2103 reduces pain by virtue of its anti-inflammatory properties, possibly related to suppression of prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4 formation, and suggest that this combination has the potential to treat clinical symptoms such as inflammatory pain. Thus BNO 2103 may represent an alternative to reduce the use of antibiotics in urinary tract infections.