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Fructose-induced AGEs-RAGE signaling in skeletal muscle contributes to impairment of glucose homeostasis

Rai, Amit K., Jaiswal, Natasha, Maurya, Chandan K., Sharma, Aditya, Ahmad, Ishbal, Ahmad, Shadab, Gupta, Anand P., Gayen, Jiaur R., Tamrakar, Akhilesh K.
The Journal of nutritional biochemistry 2019 v.71 pp. 35-44
advanced glycation end products, blood glucose, blood serum, chronic exposure, drinking water, energy metabolism, fasting, fructose, glucose, glucose tolerance, glycation, homeostasis, hyperlipidemia, liver, muscles, myocytes, obesity, phosphorylation, rats, skeletal muscle, triacylglycerols
Increased fructose intake has been linked to the development of dyslipidemia, obesity and impaired glucose tolerance. Due to its specific metabolic fate, fructose impairs normal lipid and carbohydrate metabolism and facilitates the non-enzymatic glycation reaction leading to enhanced accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). However, the formation of fructose-AGEs under in vivo setup and its tissue specific accumulation is less explored. Here, we investigated the impact of high fructose on AGEs accumulation in skeletal muscle and its causal role in impaired glucose homeostasis. In L6 rat skeletal muscle cells, chronic exposure to fructose induced AGEs accumulation and the cellular level of the receptor for AGEs (RAGE) and the effect was prevented by pharmacological inhibition of glycation. Under in vivo settings, Sprague Dawley rats exposed to 20% fructose in drinking water for 16 weeks, displayed increased fasting glycemia, impaired glucose tolerance, decreased skeletal muscle Akt (Ser-473) phosphorylation, and enhanced triglyceride levels in serum, liver and gastrocnemius muscle. We also observed a high level of AGEs in serum and gastrocnemius muscle of fructose-supplemented animals, associated with methylglyoxal accumulation and up regulated expression of RAGE in gastrocnemius muscle. Treatment with aminoguanidine inhibited fructose-induced AGEs accumulation and normalized the expression of RAGE and Dolichyl-Diphosphooligosaccharide-Protein Glycosyltransferase (DDOST) in gastrocnemius muscle. Inhibition of AGEs-RAGE axis counteracted fructose-mediated glucose intolerance without affecting energy metabolism. These data reveal diet-derived AGEs accumulation in skeletal muscle and the implication of tissue specific AGEs in metabolic derangement, that may open new perspectives in pathogenic mechanisms and management of metabolic diseases.