Main content area

Synthesis of a novel ternary HA/Fe-Mn oxides-loaded biochar composite and its application in cadmium(II) and arsenic(V) adsorption

Guo, Jianhua, Yan, Changzhou, Luo, Zhuanxi, Fang, Hongda, Hu, Shugang, Cao, Yinglan
Journal of environmental sciences (China) 2019 v.85 pp. 168-176
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, adsorbents, adsorption, arsenic, biochar, cadmium, chelation, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, ionic strength, ligands, pH, scanning electron microscopy, toxic substances
Cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) are two of the most toxic elements. However, the chemical behaviors of these two elements are different, making it challenging to utilize a single adsorbent with high adsorption capacity for both Cd(II) and As(V) removal. To solve this problem, we synthesized HA/Fe-Mn oxides-loaded biochar (HFMB), a novel ternary material, to perform this task, wherein scanning electron microscopy (SEM) combined with EDS (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize its morphological and physicochemical properties. The maximum adsorption capacity of HFMB was 67.11 mg/g for Cd(II) and 35.59 mg/g for As(V), which is much higher compared to pristine biochar (11.06 mg/g, 0 mg/g for Cd(II) and As(V), respectively). The adsorption characteristics were investigated by adsorption kinetics and the effects of the ionic strength and pH of solutions. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) revealed that chelation and deposition were the adsorption mechanisms that bound Cd(II) to HFMB, while ligand exchange was the adsorption mechanism that bound As(V).