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An Analysis of Geospatial Technologies for Risk and Natural Disaster Management

Manfré, Luiz A., Hirata, Eliane, Silva, Janaína B., Shinohara, Eduardo J., Giannotti, Mariana A., Larocca, Ana Paula C., Quintanilha, José A.
ISPRS international journal of geo-information 2012 v.1 no.2 pp. 166-185
data collection, disaster preparedness, disasters, geographic information systems, global positioning systems, infrastructure, multi-criteria decision making, remote sensing, risk management, spatial data
This paper discusses the use of spatial data for risk and natural disaster management. The importance of remote-sensing (RS), Geographic Information System (GIS) and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) data is stressed by comparing studies of the use of these technologies for natural disaster management. Spatial data sharing is discussed in the context of the establishment of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) for natural disasters. Some examples of SDI application in disaster management are analyzed, and the need for participation from organizations and governments to facilitate the exchange of information and to improve preventive and emergency plans is reinforced. Additionally, the potential involvement of citizens in the risk and disaster management process by providing voluntary data collected from volunteered geographic information (VGI) applications is explored. A model relating all of the spatial data-sharing aspects discussed in the article was suggested to elucidate the importance of the issues raised.