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Aliovalent A-site engineered AgNbO₃ lead-free antiferroelectric ceramics toward superior energy storage density [Erratum:June 2019, v.7(25), p.15450]

Luo, Nengneng, Han, Kai, Zhuo, Fangping, Xu, Chao, Zhang, Guangzu, Liu, Laijun, Chen, Xiyong, Hu, Changzheng, Zhou, Huanfu, Wei, Yuezhou
Journal of materials chemistry A 2019 v.7 no.23 pp. 14118-14128
ambient temperature, cations, ceramics, crystal structure, electric field, electrical equipment, energy, energy density
Lead-free dielectric capacitors with high energy storage density and temperature-insensitive performance are pivotal to pulsed power systems. In this work, a pronounced recoverable energy storage density (Wᵣₑc) was achieved in AgNbO₃-based lead-free antiferroelectric ceramics, by aliovalent A-site Sm mediation. The Sm modification was found to alter the crystal structure and enhance the interaction among the ions by affecting the electronic structure, leading to improved antiferroelectricity. The Sm₀.₀₃Ag₀.₉₁NbO₃ solid solution exhibited a superior Wᵣₑc of 5.2 J cm⁻³ with a high energy storage efficiency (η) of 68.5% at an applied electric field of 290 kV cm⁻¹. Excellent temperature stability of Wᵣₑc with a minimal variation of less than 4% from room temperature up to 140 °C was also observed. Meanwhile, the Sm₀.₀₃Ag₀.₉₁NbO₃ ceramic also exhibited an ultrafast discharge speed (∼20 μs) and high discharge energy density (4.2 J cm⁻³). Ginzburg–Landau–Devonshire (GLD) phenomenology revealed that the significantly stabilized antiferroelectricity and the cation disorder were responsible for the ultrahigh Wᵣₑc and η. The extraordinary energy storage performance indicates the SmₓAg₁₋₃ₓNbO₃ system a promising candidate for advanced pulsed power capacitors. More importantly, the results show that aliovalent A-site engineering is an effective way to achieve high energy storage density.