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Retrogradation and Digestibility of Rice Starch Gels: The Joint Effect of Degree of Gelatinization and Storage

Denchai, Naree, Suwannaporn, Prisana, Lin, Jenshinn, Soontaranon, Siriwat, Kiatponglarp, Worawikunya, Huang, Tzou‐Chi
Journal of food science 2019 v.84 no.6 pp. 1400-1410
amylose, crystallization, digestibility, gelatinization, gelatinization temperature, noodles, resistant starch, retrogradation, rice, rice starch, starch gels, storage time
Retrogradation affects acceptability of starchy foods; however, it is preferred in some products such as rice noodles. Amylose content, gelatinization temperature, and storage condition were reported to affect retrogradation but with disputed data. The joint effects of these parameters were interested in this study. Rice starch was gelatinized using different temperatures (77, 81, 95, and 121 °C) and stored isothermally with temperature cycles for 10 days. Results showed that the most important parameter that affected retrogradation was storage time followed by storage condition and gelatinization temperature. The recrystallization rate constant (k) and Avrami exponent (n) of retrograded starches stored under temperature cycle were higher than isothermal storage. All samples showed similar polymorphs of a mixture of B and V types. High‐temperature gelatinized starch gel stored under temperature cycle condition produced higher yield of resistant starch. The study provided useful information on how to apply these parameters to control the retrogradation of starchy foods, especially rice noodle. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Retrogradation is found to be more prominent at higher gelatinization temperature and longer storage time. Resistant starch produced from retrograded starch depended largely on storage time than storage condition. This finding can be applied to improve rice noodle qualities (by increasing retrogradation) with lower digestibility (by producing higher resistant starch).