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Determinants of Inequality in Dairy Development of India

Kale, R. B., Ponnusamy, K., Sendhil, R., Maiti, Sanjit, Chandel, B. S., Jha, S. K., Mohanty, T. K., Lal, S. P.
National Academy science letters 2019 v.42 no.3 pp. 195-198
buffaloes, cattle, cooperatives, crossbreds, food processing, food security, milk, milk yield, planning, principal component analysis, prioritization, India
Dairy sector plays an integral role in nutritional security as well as economic prosperity. The present study was designed with an attempt to identify the determinants of the inequality in Indian dairy development. Coefficient of variation, Gini coefficient, principal component analysis and Duncan’s multiple range test were used to quantify inequalities and its determinants among the highly, moderately and least dairy progressive states by using 20 dairy development indicators. It was found that Gini coefficients for the three strata indicated the level of inequality in dairy development but in varying magnitude. The study also depicts that the average per day milk yield of crossbred cattle, indigenous cattle and buffaloes; number of AI done; milk procurement through cooperatives; capacity of milk processing and surface road length found to be significantly different among the three regions. The study advocates for proper planning and prioritization of indicators that determine the regional development to reduce the variability and regional imbalances for additional milk production.