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Analysis of Changes of Particle Size Distribution and Biological Composition of Flocs in Wastewater During the Growth of Algae

Garbowski, Tomasz, Richter, Dorota, Pietryka, Mirosława
Water, air, and soil pollution 2019 v.230 no.6 pp. 139
algae, biomass, crystallization, equations, glass, liquids, microscopy, particle size distribution, sewage, sewage treatment, tanks, wastewater, wastewater treatment
The process of growth of algae can be described using the images from microscopic analysis. The new approach to assessment of the growth dynamics of algae used the data of granulometric composition of liquid medium and the modified Avrami equation relating to the crystallisation process. This paper presents a comparison of both methods (granulometric and microscopic) for the analysis of the dynamics of changes in the growth of algae in wastewater. The experimental set-up consisted of four glass tanks filled with biologically treated sewage, in which algae grew. The cultivation of algae was carried out for 8 weeks. During this period, the granulometric analysis and microscopic observations of sewage were conducted. The study demonstrated that with increase in the size of flocs in treated sewage, biomass of algae was also increased. Therefore, the results obtained with the method of laser diffraction are in agreement with microscopic observation of flocs. Granulometric analysis could be, next to microscopic analysis, a method for the estimation of the dynamics of changes in the growth of algae in sewage. This knowledge will allow to selection of a suitable method of wastewater treatment and algal separation.