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Capsicum—An Abbreviated Compendium
- Robert Jarret, Gloria Barboza, Fabiane Rabelo da Costa Batista, Terry Berke, Yu-Yu Chou, Amanda Hulse-Kemp, Neftali Ochoa-Alejo, Pasquale Tripodi, Aniko Veres, Carolina Carrizo Garcia, Gabor Csillery, Yung-Kuang Huang, Erzsebet Kiss, Zsofia Kovacs, Mihaly Kondrak, Magda Lisette Arce-Rodriguez, Marisel Scaldaferro, Antal Szoke
- Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 2019 v.144 no.1 pp. 3-22
- Capsicum, biochemical pathways, biosynthesis, capsaicinoids, carotenoids, cytogenetics, dried fruit, genes, mutation, pepper, sequence analysis, taxonomy, vegetables
- Pepper (Capsicum L.) is a major vegetable and spice crop worldwide. Global production of both fresh and dried fruit continues to increase steadily in terms of area harvested and yield. Various topics are addressed in this review, including recent additions to and clarification of Capsicum taxonomy, genetic resources of Capsicum, cytogenetic studies, the current status of our understanding of the mechanisms affecting the biosynthesis of capsaicinoids, the use of gene mutations to elucidate carotenoid biosynthetic pathways and their regulation, and recent advances in whole-genome sequencing and assembly.