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Impacts of environmental factors on microbial diversity, distribution patterns and syntrophic correlation in anaerobic processes

Yin, Qidong, Wang, Zhongzhong, Wu, Guangxue
Archives of microbiology 2019 v.201 no.5 pp. 603-614
Bacteroides, Methylobacillus, Methylomonas, Syntrophus, bacteria, dyes, environmental factors, feedstocks, methane production, methanogens, microbial communities, sludge, wastewater
Anaerobic processes are widely used for treating high-strength organic wastewater. Understanding the ecological patterns of the microorganisms involved and the effect of environmental factors on microbial community are important to manage the performance of anaerobic processes. Microbial communities of 12 anaerobic sludge samples acclimated under different environmental conditions were investigated. Genera detected from these anaerobic sludge samples generally presented three distribution patterns: frequently detected with high abundance, frequently detected with low abundance and occasionally detected with permanently low abundance. The type of feed stock was one of the most important process parameters affecting the shape of microbial community (e.g., Syntrophus, Methylomonas and Methylobacillus). Dye wastewater (Bacteroides) and the supplement of conductive materials (genus T78) were also found to shape the microbial community. Some syntrophic bacteria and methanogens were rare in many anaerobic samples. However, correlation analysis suggested that rare genera are potential syntrophic partners and are responsible for syntrophic methanogenesis.