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Impact of population displacement and forced movements on the transmission and outbreaks of Aedes-borne viral diseases: Dengue as a model

Abdul-Ghani, Rashad, Mahdy, Mohammed A.K., Al-Eryani, Samira M.A., Fouque, Florence, Lenhart, Audrey E., Alkwri, Abdulsamad, Al-Mikhlafi, Abdulsalam M., Wilke, André B.B., Thabet, Ahmed A.Q., Beier, John C.
Acta tropica 2019 v.197 pp. 105066
Dengue virus, dengue hemorrhagic fever, disasters, disease outbreaks, disease severity, humans, models, serotypes
Population displacement and other forced movement patterns following natural disasters, armed conflicts or due to socioeconomic reasons contribute to the global emergence of Aedes-borne viral disease epidemics. In particular, dengue epidemiology is critically affected by situations of displacement and forced movement patterns, particularly within and across borders. In this respect, waves of human movements have been a major driver for the changing epidemiology and outbreaks of the disease on local, regional and global scales. Both emerging dengue autochthonous transmission and outbreaks in countries known to be non-endemic and co-circulation and hyperendemicity with multiple dengue virus serotypes have led to the emergence of severe disease forms such as dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. This paper reviews the emergence of dengue outbreaks driven by population displacement and forced movements following natural disasters and conflicts within the context of regional and sub-regional groupings.