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Animal protein-free OptiXcell and shortened equilibration periods can replace egg yolk-based extender and slow cooling for rhinoceros semen cryopreservation

Author:
Wojtusik, Jessye, Stoops, Monica A., Roth, Terri L.
Source:
Cryobiology 2019 v.89 pp. 21-25
ISSN:
0011-2240
Subject:
Ceratotherium simum, Diceros bicornis, Rhinoceros, cold treatment, cooling, cryopreservation, egg yolk, eggs, horses, semen, semen extenders, sperm quality, viability
Abstract:
OptiXcell (OP) was tested as an animal protein-free alternative to an egg yolk-based extender for rhinoceros semen cryopreservation and shorter chilling/equilibration periods were evaluated. Semen was collected from three rhinoceros species: black (Diceros bicornis; n = 2), white (Ceratotherium simum; n = 2), and greater one-horned (GOH; Rhinoceros unicornis; n = 3). Controls were diluted with equine extender (EQ) or OP and equilibrated for 1 h. Treatments were diluted with extender and cooled for 15 min (fast: FEQ; FOP) or not cooled (immediate: IEQ; IOP), prior to cryopreservation. Motility decreased post-thaw (EQ: 50.7 ± 5.2%; OP: 52.9 ± 3.4%) from fresh (82.9 ± 2.9%), was higher in OP than IOP (38.6 ± 4.9%; P ≤ 0.05) and decreased over time (P ≤ 0.05). Post-thaw acrosomal integrity was lower in EQ, FEQ, and IEQ (56.9 ± 0.7; 56.6 ± 4.5; 54.9 ± 2.9%) than OP, FOP, IOP (71.8 ± 4.7; 71.9 ± 3.8; 69.9 ± 4.5%) and fresh (72.6 ± 1.4%; P ≤ 0.05). Progression and viability were lower in EQ (2.8 ± 0.2; 61.9 ± 7.4%) and OP (3.1 ± 0.2; 53.4 ± 6.9%) than fresh (3.7 ± 0.2; 87.2 ± 1.3%), decreased over time (P ≤ 0.05) but not different among treatments (P > 0.05). Morphology did not differ between fresh (75.0 ± 4.9% normal) and any treatment group (70.0–77.8%) or over time (P > 0.05). OptiXcell is comparable to egg yolk-based EQ when used for rhinoceros semen cryopreservation. Furthermore, chilling/equilibration can be reduced with little impact on sperm characteristics.
Agid:
6473836