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HiCrome Bacillus agar for presumptive identification of Bacillus and related species isolated from honey samples

Alippi, Adriana M., Abrahamovich, Eliana
International journal of food microbiology 2019 v.305 pp. 108245
Brevibacillus, Lysinibacillus, Paenibacillus, agar, color, honey, quality control, spore-forming bacteria
This study aimed to evaluate the performance of Hicrome Bacillus™ agar for isolation and rapid identification of the aerobic spore-forming bacteria most frequently found in honey samples. A collection of 197 bacterial isolates of Bacillus, Brevibacillus, Lysinibacillus, Paenibacillus, and Rummeliibacillus belonging to different species that have been reported in honey were screened for their abilities to grow and for their colony colors and medium appearance in HiCrome Bacillus agar. Also, 21 strains from culture collections were used for comparison and quality controls. A flowchart utilizing a combination of colony and media characteristics in the chromogenic medium and a set of simple biochemical and morphological tests were elaborated for quick presumptive identification. A procedure for direct isolation from honey samples was developed. In conclusion, HiCrome Bacillus agar in combination with simple microbiological tests was highly useful for rapid and reliable identification of most Bacillus, Brevibacillus, Lysinibacillus and Paenibacillus species commonly found in honey samples facilitating isolation from polymicrobial honey.