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Antimicrobial activity of bioactive starch packaging films against Listeria monocytogenes and reconstituted meat microbiota on ham
- Zhao, Yujia, Teixeira, Januana S., Saldaña, Marleny D.A., Gänzle, Michael G.
- International journal of food microbiology 2019 v.305 pp. 108253
- Listeria monocytogenes, anti-infective agents, antimicrobial properties, bioactive compounds, carvacrol, chitosan, gallic acid, growth retardation, ham, packaging films, ready-to-eat foods, spoilage microorganisms, starch, storage time, viability
- Contamination with spoilage organisms and Listeria monocytogenes are major concerns for quality and safety of cooked ready-to-eat (RTE) meat products. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the use of antimicrobial starch packaging films to control competitive microbiota and L. monocytogenes growth on a RTE ham product. Starch packaging films were prepared with different bioactives, gallic acid, chitosan, and carvacrol, using subcritical water technology. The viability of the incorporated strains on ham in contact with different antimicrobial starch packaging films was examined during 28-day storage period at 4 °C. Starch films with gallic acid had the least effect on ham antimicrobial activity; starch films with chitosan and carvacrol fully inhibited L. monocytogenes growth throughout 4 weeks of storage. RTE meat microbiota was more resistant to the antimicrobials than L. monocytogenes. Starch films loaded with chitosan or chitosan and carvacrol did not fully inhibit growth of RTE meat microbiota but delayed growth of RTE meat microbiota by one to two weeks. Moreover, competitive meat microbiota fully inhibited growth of L. monocytogenes. Therefore, antimicrobial starch packaging films prepared by subcritical water technology used in this study showed a promising effect on inhibiting L. monocytogenes in RTE ham.