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Experimental study on thermal structure inside flame front with a melting layer for downward flame spread of XPS foam

Luo, Shengfeng, Xie, Qiyuan, Da, LiangJun, Qiu, Rong
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.379 pp. 120775
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, equations, foams, heat transfer, liquid-solid interface, liquids, melting, temperature
Thermal structure inside flame front during downward flame spread was experimentally measured for XPS foam with thicknesses of 1.6, 2.4, 3.4, and 4.4 cm. The temperature distribution and temperature gradient in the condensed phase, as well as the shape of the molten liquid, were obtained by 2-D heat transfer equations and experimental measurement. The results show that both the temperature and its temperature gradient decrease from the sample surface to the inside of the condensed phase, which results in the inclination of the melting interface. The molten layer is the thinnest near the sample surface and thicker inside the condensed phase. The adhering of the molten liquid to the wall greatly increases the thickness of the molten layer near the back wall, and the higher the thickness, the more molten material adheres to the wall. Finally, there is a relatively flat solid-liquid interface near the sample surface and a large inclined solid-liquid interface near the back of the sample, especially for the thicker samples of 3.4cm and 4.4cm. It is indicated that the distribution of the molten layer in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the XPS sheet is a significant factor for dripping and collapsing.