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Focused ultrasound-mediated fluorescence of composite microcapsules loaded with magnetite nanoparticles: In vitro and in vivo study

Novoselova, Marina V., Voronin, Denis V., Abakumova, Tatiana O., Demina, Polina A., Petrov, Arsenii V., Petrov, Vladimir V., Zatsepin, Timofei S., Sukhorukov, Gleb B., Gorin, Dmitry A.
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.181 pp. 680-687
drugs, dyes, encapsulation, fluorescence, in vivo studies, magnetite, monitoring, nanocomposites, nanoparticles, neoplasms, oxidation, reactive oxygen species, tannins, therapeutics, tissues, tomography, ultrasonics
High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is widely used in medical practice, including cancer therapy. Also this approach is promising for remote release of encapsulated drugs in various other biomedical applications where local treatment is needed. Our approach underpins the minimization of HIFU impact on possible degradation of biological tissues and expand the use of HIFU in the controlled release of encapsulated drugs. We demonstrated the efficient ultrasound-induced release of labeled protein (Cy7-BSA) from elaborated nanocomposite microcapsules in vitro an in vivo. The capsule fabrication was done using combination of recently developed freezing-induced loading (FIL) technique and Layer-by-Layer assembly (LbL) used for the preparation of complex multilayer BSA/tannic acid nanocomposite capsules sensitive to HIFU. These capsules contain NIR fluorescent Cy7-labeled BSA in the shell for tracking in vivo and the high concentration of labels inside the capsules resulted in self-quenching provides the real-time detection of the protein once it is released from the capsule. Ultrasound-induced release in vivo of Cy7-labeled BSA initially quenched by magnetite nanoparticles was confirmed by fluorescent tomography. The significant decrease of Cy7 fluorescence under HIFU treatment in vitro was found to be due to a generation of reactive oxygen species and fast dye oxidation. Our results demonstrate that adapted HIFU setup can be used for the directed release of encapsulated substances in vivo under tissue compatible NIR monitoring by fluorescent tomography.