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Greenhouse gas measurement from Chinese freshwater bodies: A review

Kumar, Amit, Yang, Tao, Sharma, M.P.
Journal of cleaner production 2019 v.233 pp. 368-378
carbon dioxide, climate change, dams (hydrology), ecoregions, freshwater, gases, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, industry, lakes, methane, prediction, rivers, surface water, uncertainty, water power
Freshwater bodies are found as significant sources of greenhouse gas to the atmosphere, but their quantitative significance is not yet clear. The rapid increase in hydropower dams and associated emissions has received much attention from hydropower industries, environmentalists, and policymakers from across the globe. The tropical/subtropical eco-regions are, particularly, considered as hotspots from greenhouse gas production point of view as the emitted gases are playing a critical role in climate change. The present paper reviews the uncertainty and limitations of greenhouse gas measurement from Chinese freshwater bodies based on available data. Literature reported that carbon dioxide emission from Chinese lakes falls in the range of 0.01–2.16 μmol m⁻²s⁻¹ except for Poyang Lake. The CO₂ emission from Chinese hydropower reservoirs is estimated as 0.15–1.11, while for rivers, it is 0.44–4.12 μmol m⁻²s⁻¹. The methane and nitrous oxide emissions are, however, found less than carbon dioxide emission. The CO₂ emission falls in the range of −0.17–0.54 and 1.08–1.70, respectively higher than global lakes and rivers, while the global reservoirs have emission in the range of −0.17–2.98 μmol m⁻²s⁻¹. The paper also reports the challenges in the estimation and prediction of greenhouse gas emissions from hydropower reservoirs along with suggested mitigation measures.