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Mathematical analyses of ecological and economic tradeoffs in irrigated agriculture based on inexact optimization principles and hierarchical crop projections

Zhang, Shan, Tan, Qian, Cai, Yanpeng, Zhang, Tong, Song, Ge
Journal of cleaner production 2019 v.235 pp. 69-84
entropy, financial economics, grain crops, irrigated farming, models, risk, uncertainty, water management, watersheds
An entropy-based multi-objective interval stochastic programming (EMISP) approach based on interval hierarchical projection, interval information entropy, interval analysis and chance-constrained programming was developed for supporting agricultural water management. EMISP improved upon existing methods through measuring and balancing ecological and economic benefits of irrigated croplands under uncertainty. To demonstrate its applicability, the developed method has been applied to an arid Chinese watershed. The results suggested that grain crops would produce higher ecological benefits than economic crops. A series of benefit- and risk-explicit plans for agricultural water use were generated, which indicated that the relaxation of water availability constraints would generate higher comprehensive benefits, but increase the risks of system infeasibility. The results from the EMISP model were also compared to those from four potential alternative models. These comparisons revealed that EMISP could achieve higher water productivity and comprehensive benefits with controllable water-shortage risks.