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Phragmidium satoanum, a new rust pathogen of Rosa hirtula in Japan
- Ono, Yoshitaka, Wahyuno, Dono
- Mycoscience 2019 v.60 no.4 pp. 237-245
- Phragmidium, Rosa laevigata, Rosa multiflora, Rosa roxburghii var. hirtula, aeciospores, fungi, mountains, national parks, nomen novum, parasitism, pathogens, rust diseases, sporulation, teliospores, trees, urediniospores, Japan
- The causal fungus of a rust disease of Rosa hirtula, endemic to mountainous areas of Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park, Japan, was thought to be a common species Phragmidium rosae-multiflorae. Continued field observations, morphological examination, and experimental inoculations proved that the fungus produced laterally three-angled aeciospores and urediniospores together with multi-cellular teliospores on the same R. hirtula trees. These morphological features were different from those of P. rosae-multiflorae. The fungus parasitized only R. hirtula. Experimental inoculations and field observations did not prove that R. banksiae, R. laevigata, and R. multiflora supported infection and sporulation of the fungus. Under the field observations, R. multiflora, the most common host of P. rosae-multiflorae, was not proven to harbor the R. hirtula fungus. Therefore, the fungus was concluded to be a species distinct from P. rosae-multiflorae; and a new name, P. satoanum, was proposed for it.