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Multiple response optimisation of the aqueous extraction of high quality ulvan from Ulva ohnoi

Glasson, Christopher R.K., Donnet, Luke, Angell, Alex, Vucko, Matthew J., Lorbeer, Andrew J., Vamvounis, George, de Nys, Rocky, Magnusson, Marie
Bioresource technology reports 2019 v.7 pp. 100262
Ulva, models, molecular weight, pH, response surface methodology, solvents, temperature, viscosity
Response surface methodology was used to determine the effects of the solvent pH, the temperature of extraction, and the duration of extraction on the yield, purity, molecular weight, viscosity, and total metal content of ulvan extracted from U. ohnoi. Quadratic models identified the optimised responses for yield (72.6%) purity (68.2% w/w), molecular weight (92.9 kDa), viscosity (491.1 s), and total metal content (~0 mg/kg). These responses occurred between a solvent pH of 2.2–4.0, an extraction temperature of 61.3–90.0 °C, and an extraction duration of 55.0–90.0 min. The overall desirability of the ulvan product was determined using a Derringer's desirability function, which identified a solvent pH of 2.92, an extraction temperature of 90 °C, and an extraction duration of 90 min. These extraction conditions minimise the requirement for downstream purification and are suitable for upscaling the extraction of a high quality ulvan product.