U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.


Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.


Main content area

Rhizomania and storage rot resistance in USDA-ARS plant introduction lines evaluated in Idaho, 2017

Carl A. Strausbaugh, Barbara Hellier
Plant disease management reports 2018 v.12 no.CF155 pp. 1-2
Agricultural Research Service, Beet necrotic yellow vein virus, Beta vulgaris, cultivars, disease severity, disease susceptibility, foliar diseases, fungal diseases of plants, genetic lines, germplasm screening, plant disease resistance, plant germplasm, postharvest diseases, postharvest losses, rhizomania, root rot, roots, storage time, sugar beet, Idaho
Rhizomania caused by Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) and storage losses are serious sugar beet production problems. To identify sugar beet germplasm lines with resistance to BNYVV and storage rots, 30 USDA-ARS Beta vulgaris Plant Introduction (PI) Lines and four check cultivars were screened. The lines were grown in a sugar beet field infested with BNYVV during the 2017 growing season in a randomized complete block design with 6 replications. At harvest on 10 October 2017, roots were dug and evaluated for rhizomania symptoms and also placed in an indoor commercial sugar beet storage building. After 133 days in storage, samples were evaluated for the percentage of root surface area covered by fungal growth or rot. Rhizomania symptom development in the field was uniform and other disease problems were not evident in the plot area. The BNYVV susceptible check had 97% foliar symptoms and a high root disease severity rating. The three resistant checks had 0 to 6% foliar symptoms and the lowest root ratings. Based on root ratings, all PI Line entries were more susceptible than the resistant checks and 14 entries were not different from the susceptible check. However, entry 2 (PI 518383) had both the lowest foliar rating of the PI lines and ranked first among all entries for the lowest storage rot. The root rating for entry 2 may have been affected by poor inherent root shape and may not necessarily represent a lack of resistance to BNYVV. The foliar rating and resistance to storage rot both suggest entry 2 should be reevaluated for resistance to BNYVV. Entry 2 may serve as a starting point for identifying additional sources of resistance to BNYVV and storage rots.