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Gas-Phase Deprotonation of Benzhydryl Cations: Carbene Basicity, Multiplicity, and Rearrangements
- Xu, Jiahui, Mieres-Perez, Joel, Sanchez-Garcia, Elsa, Lee, Jeehiun K.
- Journal of organic chemistry 2019 v.84 no.12 pp. 7685-7693
- carbenes, cations, chemical structure, deprotonation, gases, organic chemistry, protonation
- Many fundamental properties of carbenes, particularly basicity, remain poorly understood. Herein, an experimental and computational examination of the deprotonation of a series of benzhydryl cations has been undertaken. These studies represent the first attempt at providing experimental values for diarylcarbene basicities. Pathways to deprotonation, including whether the singlet or triplet carbene is formed, are probed. Because diarylcarbenes are expected to be among the strongest organic bases known, assessing the energetics of protonation of these species is of fundamental importance for a wide range of chemical processes.