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Laxative effects of triple fermented barley extracts (FBe) on loperamide (LP)-induced constipation in rats

Lim, Jong-Min, Kim, Young Dae, Song, Chang-Hyun, Park, Su-Jin, Park, Dong-Chan, Cho, Hyung-Rae, Jung, Go-Woon, Bashir, Khawaja Muhammad Imran, Ku, Sae Kwang, Choi, Jae-Suk
BMC complementary and alternative medicine 2019 v.19 no.1 pp. 143
Hordeum vulgare, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Weissella cibaria, acclimation, alternative medicine, animal models, barley, charcoal, colon, constipation, feces, fermentation, functional foods, gastrointestinal motility, goblet cells, histology, ingredients, laboratory animals, males, oral administration, plant extracts, purgative properties, quality of life, rats, saccharification, toxicity, water content
BACKGROUND: Constipation, a common health problem, causes discomfort and affects the quality of life. This study intended to evaluate the potential laxative effect of triple fermented barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) extract (FBe), produced by saccharification, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Weissella cibaria, on loperamide (LP)-induced constipation in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, a well-established animal model of spastic constipation. METHODS: Spastic constipation was induced via oral treatment with LP (3 mg/kg) for 6 days 1 h before the administration of each test compound. Similarly, FBe (100, 200 and 300 mg/kg) was orally administered to rats once a day for 6 days. The changes in number, weight, and water content of fecal, motility ratio, colonic mucosa histology, and fecal mucous contents were recorded. The laxative properties of FBe were compared with those of a cathartic stimulant, sodium picosulfate. A total of 48 (8 rats in 6 groups) healthy male rats were selected and following 10 days of acclimatization. Fecal pellets were collected one day before administration of the first dose and starting from immediately after the fourth administration for a duration of 24 h. Charcoal transfer was conducted after the sixth and final administration of the test compounds. RESULTS: In the present study, oral administration of 100–300 mg/kg of FBe exhibited promising laxative properties including intestinal charcoal transit ratio, thicknesses and mucous producing goblet cells of colonic mucosa with decreases of fecal pellet numbers and mean diameters remained in the lumen of colon, mediated by increases in gastrointestinal motility. CONCLUSION: Therefore, FBe might act as a promising laxative agent and functional food ingredient to cure spastic constipation, with less toxicity observed at a dose of 100 mg/kg.