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Effects of Culturally Tailored Nutrition Education on Dietary Quality of Hispanic Mothers: A Randomized Control Trial

Hammons, Amber J., Hannon, Bridget A., Teran-Garcia, Margarita, Barragan, Maribel, Villegas, Elizabeth, Wiley, Angela, Fiese, Barbara
Journal of nutrition education and behavior 2019 v.51 no.10 pp. 1168-1176
Puerto Ricans, analysis of variance, at-risk population, children, education programs, ideal body weight, mothers, nutrition education, nutrition knowledge, nutritional adequacy, surveys
To assess whether participation in a culturally tailored nutrition education program increases diet quality of Hispanic mothers.A randomized controlled trial.Community centers and universities.Sixty-five mothers (35 in experimental group, 30 in control group) completed pre- and postworkshop surveys. Eligibility criteria included being of Mexican or Puerto Rican descent and having a child between the ages of 6 and 18 years who could participate in the workshops with the parent.Families in the experimental group participated in a 6-week workshop series that included weekly nutrition education classes.Diet quality was assessed by the Rate Your Plate questionnaire.Repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare differences between the experimental and control groups. A Wilcoxon signed rank test was conducted to test for significant shifts in categorization pre- and postprogram.There was a significant change in diet quality categorization after participating in the workshops (P < .001, effect size 0.39). No changes were found in the control group.Abriendo Caminos was effective at increasing the diet quality of Hispanic mothers who participated the most in the program. More research is needed in this at-risk population to determine the relationships among nutrition knowledge, diet quality, and achievement of healthy weight.