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Thermal stability of myosin and protective effect of F-actin on myosin affect the thermal inactivation of calcium-ATPase in unstable kuruma prawn myofibrils

Sasaki, Takayuki, Matsukawa, Masahito
Fisheries science 2019 v.85 no.4 pp. 757-765
Ca2-transporting ATPase, Marsupenaeus japonicus, actin, heat inactivation, heat treatment, ionic strength, myofibrils, myosin, potassium chloride, protective effect, sorbitol, thermal stability
The thermal stability of myosin and the protective effect of F-actin on myosin in kuruma prawn myofibrils were investigated from the thermal inactivation rates at 25 °C of Ca-ATPase in myosin and myofibrils at various concentrations of KCl. The thermal inactivation rate constant (kD) of myofibrillar Ca-ATPase increased with increasing KCl concentration; however, the thermal inactivation followed a biphasic first-order reaction regardless of the KCl concentration: a relatively fast inactivation rate in the earlier phase (kDₑ) followed by a slower inactivation rate in the later phase (kDₗ) of the heat treatment. The thermal inactivation of myosin at various concentrations of KCl or sorbitol also followed a biphasic first-order reaction, and the differences between the kDₑ and kDₗ of myosin were always about twofold. kDₑ and kDₗ of myosin at 0.1 M KCl were decreased to 1/6 and 1/13, respectively, by the binding action of F-actin. These results suggest that the thermal stability of myosin and the protective effect of F-actin affect the stability and thermal inactivation of kuruma prawn myofibrils at physiological ionic strength.