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Low density lipoprotein adsorption on a titanium surface and its effect on osteoblast behaviors

Xu, Li-na, Shao, Shui-yi, Zhu, Wen-qing, Chen, Chao, Zhang, Song-mei, Qiu, Jing
RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.32 pp. 18589-18598
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, adhesion, adsorption, cell lines, hydrophilicity, in vitro studies, low density lipoprotein, osteoblasts, roughness, surface roughness, titanium, topography, wettability
Objective: This study aims to investigate the adsorption of low density lipoprotein (LDL) on a titanium surface and to explore its effect on osteoblast behaviors. Materials and methods: LDL adsorption on a titanium surface was analyzed using LDL assay and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Physical properties, including topography, surface roughness and wettability of a control smooth titanium surface and a LDL pre-adsorbed titanium surface, were assessed. Subsequently, the adhesion, proliferation and differentiation abilities of MC3T3-E1 cells (an osteoblast-like cell line) on the surfaces of control titanium and LDL pre-adsorbed titanium were investigated. Results: LDL assay and XPS confirmed LDL adsorption on the titanium surface. The maximum adsorption of LDL on the titanium surfaces was observed after 150 minutes of incubation. In comparison with the control smooth titanium surface, the roughness and hydrophilicity of the LDL pre-adsorbed titanium surface were significantly altered. Furthermore, in vitro studies demonstrated that LDL adsorption obviously attenuated the adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells on the titanium surface. Conclusion: LDL could adsorb on a titanium surface. Meanwhile, LDL adsorption changed the characteristics of the titanium surface, which, in turn, negatively regulated osteoblast behaviors.