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Valorization of Prickly Pear Juice Geographical Origin Based on Mineral and Volatile Compound Contents Using LDA

Karabagias, Vassilios K., Karabagias, Ioannis K., Louppis, Artemis, Badeka, Anastasia, Kontominas, Michael G., Papastephanou, Chara
Foods 2019 v.8 no.4
Opuntia, alcohols, aldehydes, aluminum, antimony, atomic absorption spectrometry, barium, boron, calcium, chromium, cobalt, copper, cultivars, fruits, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, headspace analysis, iron, magnesium, manganese, mineral content, minerals, molybdenum, multivariate analysis, nickel, pear juice, potassium, provenance, silicon, sodium, soil sampling, solid phase microextraction, terpenoids, tin, vanadium, volatile compounds, zinc
In the present work the mineral content and volatile profile of prickly pear juice prepared from wild cultivars was investigated. Fruits used in the study originated from three areas of the Peloponnese Peninsula. Twenty-five macro- and micro-minerals (K, Na, P, Ca, Mg, Al, B, Ba, Be, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Sb, Se, Si, Sn, Ti, Tl, V, Zn) were determined using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Furthermore, analysis of the mineral content of soil samples with ICP-OES showed a perfect correlation with those of fruit juices. Volatile compounds (alcohols, aldehydes, hydrocarbons, terpenoids, and others) were identified using an optimized headspace solid phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography mass spectrometry (HS-SPME/GC-MS) method. Multivariate analysis showed significant differences (p < 0.05) among the investigated parameters with respect to juice geographical origin. Prickly pear juice samples were classified according to geographical origin by 85.7% and 88.9% using 7 minerals and 21 volatile compounds, respectively.