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Reshaping fecal gut microbiota composition by growing with Polygonum cuspidatum, Houttuynia cordata, and Ipomoea aquatica
- Zheng, Yao, Hu, Gengdong, Wu, Wei, Qiu, Liping, Li, Dandan, Bing, Xuwen, Chen, Jiazhang
- Canadian journal of microbiology 2019 v.65 no.7 pp. 522-529
- Anabaena, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Fusobacteria, Houttuynia cordata, Ipomoea aquatica, Leucobacter, Microcystis, Plesiomonas shigelloides, Reynoutria japonica, Verrucomicrobiae, algae, feces, intestinal microorganisms, intestines, medicinal plants, microbial communities, species richness, virulent strains
- We carried out sequencing of samples cultivated in floating beds with different Chinese medicinal herbs (Control, Houttuynia cordata Thunb., Polygonum cuspidatum, and a combination of H. cordata with Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.; named groups A, B, C, D, respectively) to analyze changes in the composition of gut microbiota of tilapia feces. Fusobacteria (ranging from 49.0% to 73.3%), Firmicutes (12.3%–37.8%), and Proteobacteria (5.1%–23.0%) were found to be the most dominant phyla present in all samples. The operational taxonomic units and the Ace and Chao1 indices of groups A and D were significantly higher than those of group C. Polygonum cuspidatum decreased the species richness and diversity of microbial communities in tilapia intestinal feces. The phylum WCHB1-60, order Enterobacteriales, and genus Plesiomonas significantly decreased (in group A); the species Plesiomonas shigelloides significantly decreased (in groups B and C); and the genus Leucobacter significantly increased (in group D) when compared with the control. The relative abundance of the class Verrucomicrobiae (groups B vs C) significantly decreased. In the presence of I. aquatica, the phylum Bacteroidetes significantly decreased, while the genera Leucobacter and Pelotomaculum significantly increased. The ratio of Bacteroidetes to Firmicutes was significantly higher in groups B and C relative to the controls, while it decreased significantly in group D. The algae (i.e., Anabaena and Microcystis) and beneficial pathogenic bacteria decreased in groups C and D, respectively. In addition, Enterovibrio decreased in all treatment groups. The present data demonstrate that floating bed cultivation with Chinese medicinal herbs significantly alters the gut microbiota of tilapia, which may enhance its immune activity.