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Bioaugmentation of Exogenous Strain Rhodococcus sp. 2G Can Efficiently Mitigate Di(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate Contamination to Vegetable Cultivation

Zhao, Hai-Ming, Du, Huan, Huang, Chun-Qing, Li, Sha, Zeng, Xian-Hong, Huang, Xue-Jing, Xiang, Lei, Li, Hui, Li, Yan-Wen, Cai, Quan-Ying, Mo, Ce-Hui, He, Zhenli
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2019 v.67 no.25 pp. 6940-6949
Brassica rapa var. parachinensis, bioaccumulation, bioaugmentation, enzyme activity, food production, microorganisms, phthalates, planting, polluted soils, pollution, rhizosphere, vegetable growing, vegetables
This work developed a bioaugmentation strategy that simultaneously reduced soil di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) pollution and its bioaccumulation in Brassica parachinensis by inoculating the isolated strain Rhodococcus sp. 2G. This strain could efficiently degrade DEHP at a wide concentration range from 50 to 1600 mg/L and transformed DEHP through a unique biochemical degradation pathway that distinguished it from other Rhodococcus species. Besides, strain 2G colonized well in the rhizosphere soil of the inoculated vegetable without competition with indigenous microbes, resulting in increased removal of DEHP from soil (∼95%) and reduced DEHP bioaccumulation in vegetables (∼75% in the edible part) synchronously. Improved enzyme activities and DOC content in the rhizosphere of the planting vegetable and inoculating strain 2G were responsible for the high efficiency in mitigating DEHP contamination to vegetable cultivation. This work demonstrated a great potential application to grow vegetables in contaminated soil for safe food production.