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Mapping Temporal Dynamics in a Forest Stream Network—Implications for Riparian Forest Management
- Ågren, Anneli M., Lidberg, William, Ring, Eva
- Forests 2015 v.6 no.9 pp. 2982-3001
- base flow, conservation buffers, forest land, forest management, geographical distribution, planning, riparian forests, soil, streams, surface water, temporal variation, traffic, watersheds
- This study focuses on avoiding negative effects on surface waters using new techniques for identifying wet areas near surface waters. This would aid planning and designing of forest buffer zones and off-road forestry traffic. The temporal variability in the geographical distribution of the stream network renders this type of planning difficult. A field study was performed in the 68 km² Krycklan Catchment to illustrate the variability of a boreal stream network. The perennial stream length was 140 km while the stream length during high-flow conditions was 630 km. Comparing the field-measured stream network to the network presented on current maps showed that 58% of the perennial and 76% of the fully expanded network was missing on current maps. Similarly, cartographic depth-to-water maps showed that associated wet soils constituted 5% of the productive forest land during baseflow and 25% during high flow. Using a new technique, maps can be generated that indicate full stream networks, as well as seasonally active streams and associated wet soils, thus, forestry planning can be performed more efficiently and impacts on surface waters can be reduced.