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Mitochondrial respirasome works as a single unit and the cross-talk between complexes I, III2 and IV stimulates NADH dehydrogenase activity

Reyes-Galindo, Meztli, Suarez, Roselia, Esparza-Perusquía, Mercedes, de Lira-Sánchez, Jaime, Pardo, J. Pablo, Martínez, Federico, Flores-Herrera, Oscar
Biochimica et biophysica acta 2019 v.1860 no.8 pp. 618-627
NAD (coenzyme), NADH dehydrogenase, Ustilago zeae, adenosine triphosphate, antimycin A, benzoquinones, catalytic activity, cyanides, cytochrome c, enzyme activity, mitochondria, oxidation, oxidative phosphorylation, oxygen, oxygen consumption, rotenone
Ustilago maydis is an aerobic basidiomycete that depends on oxidative phosphorylation for its ATP supply, pointing to the mitochondrion as a key player in its energy metabolism. Mitochondrial respiratory complexes I, III2, and IV occur in supramolecular structures named respirasome. In this work, we characterized the subunit composition and the kinetics of NADH:Q oxidoreductase activity of the digitonine-solubilized respirasome (1600 kDa) and the free-complex I (990 kDa). In the presence of 2,6-dimethoxy-1,4-benzoquinone (DBQ) and cytochrome c, both the respirasome NADH:O2 and the NADH:DBQ oxidoreductase activities were inhibited by rotenone, antimycin A or cyanide. A value of 2.4 for the NADH oxidized/oxygen reduced ratio was determined for the respirasome activity, while ROS production was less than 0.001% of the oxygen consumption rate. Analysis of the NADH:DBQ oxidoreductase activity showed that respirasome was 3-times more active and showed higher affinity than free-complex I. The results suggest that the contacts between complexes I, III2 and IV in the respirasome increase the catalytic efficiency of complex I and regulate its activity to prevent ROS production.