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Potential anti-neuroblastoma agents from Juniperus oblonga

Qiao, Yilin, Sunada, Nathan K., Hatada, Alyssa E., Lange, Ingo, Khutsishvili, Manana, Alizade, Valida, Atha, Daniel, Ko'omoa-Lange, Dana-Lynn, Borris, Robert P.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.516 no.3 pp. 733-738
Juniperus, apoptosis, calcium, cell lines, cell viability, children, cytotoxicity, humans, inhibitory concentration 50, kidneys, mechanism of action, neoplasms, neural crest, patients, prognosis, tetracycline
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a neuroendocrine tumor derived from neural crest cells. Approximately 90% of cases occur in children less than 5 years old. The amplification of MYCN correlates with high-risk neuroblastoma and patients with MYCN amplified showed poorer prognosis than those without MYCN amplification. In this study, three compounds isolated from Juniperus oblonga showed anti-proliferative activity against NB cell lines with and without tetracycline inducible MYCN over-expression which were identified as (−)-deoxypodophyllotoxin (1), (−)-matairesinol (2) and (+)-isocupressic acid (3). The effects of compounds 2 and 3 in NB cells included a decrease in NB cell viability and induction of apoptosis. Compound 1 was more effective in NB cells over-expressing MycN. Compound 1 also showed almost 2-fold induction of intracellular free calcium levels in M2(+) cells, which may indicate a different mechanism of action for this compound. Cytotoxicity studies against the human embryonic kidney cell (HEK-293) showed compounds 1, 2 and 3 were ineffective in the non-cancer cells at concentrations approximating their IC50 against the NB cell lines. These results may lead to safer and more effective treatment options for NB patients especially for those with high-risk NB.