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Regulation of endogenous phytohormones alters the fluoranthene content in Arabidopsis thaliana

Zhao, Chenyu, Zhang, Lihao, Zhang, Xuhui, Xu, Yuanzhou, Wei, Zhimin, Sun, Bin, Liang, Mingxiang, Li, Huixin, Hu, Feng, Xu, Li
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.688 pp. 935-943
Arabidopsis thaliana, antioxidant enzymes, auxins, catalase, daminozide, enzyme activity, ethylene, gibberellins, glutathione transferase, peroxidase, plant growth, pollutants, silver nitrate, superoxide dismutase
Phytohormones are crucial endogenous modulators that regulate and integrate plant growth and responses to various environmental pollutants, including the uptake of pollutants into the plant. However, possible links between endogenous phytohormone pathways and pollutant accumulation are unclear. Here we describe the fluoranthene uptake, plant growth, and superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities in relation to different endogenous phytohormones and different levels in Arabidopsis thaliana. Three phytohormone inhibitors—N-1-naphthyl-phthalamic acid (NPA), daminozide (DZ), and silver nitrate (SN)—were used to regulate endogenous auxin, gibberellin, and ethylene levels, respectively. Fluoranthene inhibited plant growth and root proliferation while increasing GST and SOD activity. The three inhibitors reduced fluoranthene levels in Arabidopsis by either affecting plant growth or modulating antioxidant enzyme activity. NPA reduced plant growth and increased CAT activity. SN promoted plant growth and increased POD and CAT activity, whereas DZ increased POD activity.