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Evaluation of morphology, morphometry and follicular dynamics in FecGE genotyped ewes
- Chaves, M.S., Passos, H.S., Luz, V.B., Ferreira-Silva, J.C., Melo, E.O., Paiva, S.R., Bartolomeu, C.C., Oliveira, M.A.L., Azevedo, H.C.
- Theriogenology 2019 v.136 pp. 138-142
- ewes, genotyping, heterozygosity, histology, homozygosity, morphometry, mutants, mutation, ovarian follicles
- This study aimed to evaluate the effect of FecGE mutation on the development of ovarian follicles. To this end, 42 Santa Inês ewes were genotyped for FecGE mutation and classified as wild-type (FecG+/+), heterozygous (FecG+/E) or mutant homozygous (FecGE/E). Ovarian fragments were processed, and the follicles were analyzed with regard to the morphology and morphometry using classical histology. For the evaluation of follicular dynamics, ewes underwent oestrous synchronization and were monitored throughout an interovulatory period. A higher (P < 0.05) percentage of morphologically normal follicles in the primordial stage was identified in FecGE/E (90.0%) and FecG+/E (88.1%) ewes than in the FecG+/+ (73.0%) ewes. There was also a significantly greater (P < 0.05) number of morphologically normal follicles in the FecGE/E (87.3%) and FecG+/E (83.3%) ewes than in FecG+/+ (76.8%) ewes in the transitional stage. A smaller (P < 0.05) diameter was observed in the secondary follicles in FecGE/E (93.8 μm) ewes than in FecG+/E (171.8 μm) ewes. Regarding follicular dynamics, FecGE/E ewes showed a greater (P < 0.05) number of ovulations (2.5 ± 0.2) than FecG+/+ ewes (1.5 ± 0.3) ewes. Ovulatory follicles were smaller (P < 0.05) in the FecGE/E (5.1 mm) and FecG+/E (5.2 mm) ewes than in FecG+/+ (5.8 mm) ewes. Santa Inês nulliparous ewes carrying the FecGE mutation showed a greater proportion of morphologically normal follicles in the primordial and transitional stages than those not carrying the mutation. FecGE/E ewes demonstrated a higher number of ovulated follicles and that FecGE/E and FecG+/E ewes presented ovulatory follicles with a smaller diameter.