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Maduramicin induces apoptosis through ROS-PP5-JNK pathway in skeletal myoblast cells and muscle tissue

Chen, Xin, Zhang, Yumei, Jiang, Shanxiang, Huang, Shile
Toxicology 2019 v.424 pp. 152239
acetylcysteine, apoptosis, maduramicin, mice, mitogen-activated protein kinase, myoblasts, myocytes, poultry production, protein content, reactive oxygen species, skeletal muscle, toxicity
Our previous work has shown that maduramicin, an effective coccidiostat used in the poultry production, executed its toxicity by inducing apoptosis of skeletal myoblasts. However, the underlying mechanism is not well understood. Here we show that maduramicin induced apoptosis of skeletal muscle cells by activating c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway in murine C2C12 and L6 myoblasts as well as skeletal muscle tissue. This is supported by the findings that inhibition of JNK with SP600125 or ectopic expression of dominant negative c-Jun attenuated maduramicin-induced apoptosis in C2C12 cells. Furthermore, we found that treatment with maduramicin reduced the cellular protein level of protein phosphatase 5 (PP5). Overexpression of PP5 substantially mitigated maduramicin-activated JNK and apoptosis. Moreover, we noticed that treatment with maduramicin elevated intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level. Pretreatment with N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), a ROS scavenger and antioxidant, suppressed maduramicin-induced inhibition of PP5 and activation of JNK as well as apoptosis. The results indicate that maduramicin induction of ROS inhibits PP5, which results in activation of JNK cascade, leading to apoptosis of skeletal muscle cells. Our finding suggests that manipulation of ROS-PP5-JNK pathway may be a potential approach to prevent maduramicin-induced apoptotic cell death in skeletal muscle.