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Electric vehicle charging strategy to support renewable energy sources in Europe 2050 low-carbon scenario
- Colmenar-Santos, Antonio, Muñoz-Gómez, Antonio-Miguel, Rosales-Asensio, Enrique, López-Rey, África
- Energy 2019 v.183 pp. 61-74
- European Union, climate, electric vehicles, energy, greenhouse gases, models, solar energy, storage technology, wind, wind power, Europe
- The EU has undertaken a thorough reform of its energy model. Current EU 2050 climate commitment sets an 80–95% GHG reduction goal. To reach this goal, the EU must make continued progress towards a low-carbon society. Renewable energy sources and electric vehicle play an important role for a gradual transition. The power grid faces a challenging future due to intermittency and the non-dispatchable nature of wind and solar energy production, but flexibility needs can migrate from generation to load, with the expansion of demand-side resources and storage technologies. A novel grid technique is presented and evaluated in this paper for the optimal integrated operation of renewable resources and electric vehicle to increase penetration of renewable energy. It is proposed a distribute control system to manage a charge and discharge strategy to support mismatching between load and renewable generation thru V2G technology. Demand response, peak saving and ancillary services are introduced to keep a reliable power quality, stable frequency and flatten load profile.