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Experimental and numerical evaluation of the crystalline silicon PV window under the climatic conditions in southwest China

Chen, Mo, Zhang, Wei, Xie, Lingzhi, Ni, Zhichun, Wei, Qingzhu, Wang, Wei, Tian, Hao
Energy 2019 v.183 pp. 584-598
air, climatic factors, electric power, energy conservation, energy flow, heat transfer, silicon, simulation models, China
Windows integrated with PV can provide electrical energy and control the energy flow (heat and light) through the windows. With the objective of evaluate the potential application of window integrated PV in southwest China, the performance of silicon PV windows was comprehensively studied. A test unit was developed to monitor the performance of window integrated PV, then a validated comprehensive approach integrated with heat transfer, optical, electrical and building simulation model was used to comprehensively evaluate the performance of the window integrated PV under various climatic conditions in southwest China. The effects of the air gap on window thermal performance, window orientation, different window-to-wall ratio and coverage ratio of PV cells are evaluated. It was found that a maximum energy saving could be achieved, when the PV window is installed on the south facing façade with a PV cell coverage ratio of 0,87, air gap of 9 mm between the two glazing panes. It was found that a maximum energy saving of 983 kWh was achieved in Lhasa. A highest energy saving ratio of 83% was found in Kunming. The window integrated PV shows good energy saving potential under different climatic conditions in Southwest China.