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Effects of CoQ10 on the quality of ram sperm during cryopreservation in plant and animal based extenders

Masoudi, Reza, Sharafi, Mohsen, Shahneh, Ahmad Zare
Animal reproduction science 2019 v.208 pp. 106103
acrosome, antioxidants, coenzyme Q10, cryopreservation, egg yolk, freeze-thaw cycles, lecithins, lipid peroxidation, mitochondria, rams, semen, soybeans, sperm quality, viability
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different concentrations of CoQ10 in soybean lecithin (SL) or egg yolk (EY) extenders on ram semen cryopreservation. Semen samples were collected from five rams, twice a week, then diluted in the extenders (SL and EY) containing different concentrations of CoQ10 as follows: extender containing SL: 0 μM (control, SL/Q0), 1 μM (SL/Q1), 2 μM (SL/Q2), 5 μM (SL/Q5) and 10 μM (SL/Q10) CoQ10; extender containing EY: 0 μM (control, EY/Q0), 1 μM (EY/Q1), 2 μM (EY/Q2), 5 μM (EY/Q5) and 10 μM (EY/Q10) CoQ10. Sperm motion characteristics, membrane integrity, abnormal morphology, viability, apoptotic-like changes, mitochondria active potential, acrosome integrity and lipid peroxidation were evaluated after freeze-thaw process. The SL/Q1, SL/Q2, EY/Q1 and EY/Q2 resulted in greater (P ≤ 0.05) sperm total motility, progressive motility, membrane integrity and mitochondria active potential compared to the other groups. Acrosome integrity in the SL/Q0, SL/Q1, SL/Q2, EY/Q0, EY/Q1 and EY/Q2 groups was greater (P ≤ 0.05) than in the SL/Q5, SL/Q10, EY/Q5 and EY/Q10 groups. The SL/Q2 and EY/Q2 treatment groups had greater (P ≤ 0.05) sperm viability rates and less apoptotic-like changes and lipid peroxidation. The CoQ10 compound could be explored as a novel potential antioxidant for cryopreservation of ram semen because with used of this compound in the present study there was an improved post-thawed sperm quality.