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Cardioprotective effects induced by hydroalcoholic extract of leaves of Alpinia zerumbet on myocardial infarction in rats
- Paulino, Emanuel Tenório, Barros Ferreira, Amanda Karine, da Silva, Jessyka Carolina Galvão, Ferreira Costa, Cintia Danielli, Smaniotto, Salete, de Araújo-Júnior, João Xavier, Silva Júnior, Edeíldo Ferreira, Bortoluzzi, Janaína Herbele, Nogueira Ribeiro, Êurica Adélia
- Journal of ethnopharmacology 2019 v.242 pp. 112037
- Alpinia zerumbet, cardioprotective effect, cardiotoxicity, creatine, enzymes, essential oils, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, heart, heart rate, histology, histopathology, hypertension, infarction, isoproterenols, lactones, leaves, morphometry, myocardial infarction, oral administration, rats, staining, traditional medicine, Brazil
- The leaves of Alpinia zerumbet is used in folk medicine in Brazil to treat hypertension. However, the cardioprotective effect of this plant has not been studied yet.To evaluate the cardioprotective effects of the hydroalcoholic extract of the leaves of Alpinia zerumbet (AZE) against isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial infarction in rats.Rats were pretreated orally with AZE (300 mg/kg) for 30 days prior to ISO-induced myocardial infarction. The rats were sacrificed and hearts were collected and homogenized for biochemical analysis. At the end of the experiment, cardiac marker enzyme levels, histological and morphometric parameters, and hemodynamic measurements were assessed. Phytochemical compounds were verified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).Rats administered with ISO showed a significant increase in cardiac marker enzymes, i.e., in creatine kinase-NAC (CK-NAC) and CK-MB. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining exhibited an increase in infarct areas. In the animals treated with ISO induced a significant increase in heart rate. Pretreatment with AZE significantly inhibited these effects of ISO. Moreover, biochemical findings were supported by histopathological observations. The GC-MS analyses of AZE identified volatile oils, kavalactones, and phytosterols.Haemodynamic, biochemical alteration and histopathological results suggest a cardioprotective protective effect of oral administration of AZE in isoproterenol induced cardiotoxicity.