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Ginkgolides-loaded soybean phospholipid-stabilized nanosuspension with improved storage stability and in vivo bioavailability

Wang, Puxiu, Cao, Xiuxiu, Chu, Yang, Wang, Puxiu
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.181 pp. 910-917
X-ray diffraction, absorption, bile salts, bioavailability, crystal structure, differential scanning calorimetry, drug delivery systems, drugs, hydrolysates, hydrophilicity, hydrophobicity, methylcellulose, nanoparticles, particle size, pellets, phospholipids, sodium dodecyl sulfate, solubilization, soybeans, stabilizers, storage quality, transmission electron microscopes, transmission electron microscopy, wettability
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of soybean phospholipid, as a steric stabilizer, on improving dissolution rate, storage stability and bioavailability of ginkgolides. The ginkgolides coarse powder, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), soybean phospholipid and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) were mixed and wet-milled to prepare nanosuspension S1. Nanosuspension S2 was obtained by the same technique except adding the soybean phospholipid. Results of particle size showed that particle size (D50) of S1 significantly decreased from 44.25 μm to 0.373 μm. Results of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) showed that ginkgolides in nanosuspension still maintained its crystallinity, and the nanoparticles were all nearly circular and uniformly dispersed. Then, pellets F1 and F2 were prepared by layering S1 and S2 onto the microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) spheres, respectively. The dissolution rate of ginkgolide A (GA) and ginkgolide B (GB) in F1 was 98.3% and 97.7% in 30 min, respectively. It was much higher than F2 (89.0% and 86.5%) and coarse powder of ginkgolides (22.3% and 24.6%). According to the results of stability test, the storage stability of F1 was improved compared with F2. In addition, compared with coarse powder of ginkgolides, the relative bioavailability of GA and GB in F1 were up to (221.84 ± 106.67) % and (437.45 ± 336.43) %, respectively. The above results demonstrated that soybean phospholipid added to the nanosuspension played an important role in improving drug dissolution rate, storage stability and in vivo bioavailability: (1) The amphiphilic soybean phospholipid interacted with the drug, with the hydrophobic part adsorbed on the surface of the poorly soluble drug and the hydrophilic part exposed to the aqueous medium. This increases the wettability of the nanoparticles, which ensure a good redispersibility of the drug particles. (2) It could self-assemble to form an interfacial phospholipid film by surrounding the individual nanoparticles, which can produce enough steric hindrance to prevent nanoparticles from aggregation and ensure a rapid dissolution rate. (3) Soybean phospholipid and its hydrolysate formed strong micellar solubilizing vehicles with bile salts in vivo, stimulated the absorption process of ginkgolides. Thus, soybean phospholipid was a promising steric stabilizer in nanosuspension drug delivery system.