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The different roles for the advanced glycation end products axis in heart failure and acute coronary syndrome settings
- Paradela-Dobarro, Beatriz, Agra, Rosa M., Álvarez, Leyre, Varela-Román, Alfonso, García-Acuña, José M., González-Juanatey, José R., Álvarez, Ezequiel, García-Seara, Francisco J.
- Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases 2019 v.29 no.10 pp. 1050-1060
- advanced glycation end products, death, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, fluorescence, fluorescence emission spectroscopy, gender, glycation, heart failure, immunologic factors, metabolism, myocardial infarction, nutritional status, patients, prognosis
- This work aimed to compare the behavior of the advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their soluble receptor (sRAGE) in two cohorts of patients: those with heart failure (HF) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS).A unicentric observational clinical study was performed in 102 patients with ACS and 102 patients with chronic HF matched by age and gender. At inclusion, fluorescent AGEs were measured by quantitative fluorescence spectroscopy of plasma, and total sRAGE and endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE) levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. A 5-year follow-up period was established for recording cardiac death (primary endpoint) and the incidence of non-fatal myocardial infarction or HF readmission (secondary endpoints). Higher glycation parameters were observed in HF patients, whereas no differences in sRAGE forms were found between HF and ACS cohorts, except for cRAGE, which was higher in HF. Associations between glycation parameters and sRAGE forms were observed in HF, but not in ACS. Differences were also evidenced in the long-term prognosis of each cohort: esRAGE showed an independent prognostic value for cardiac death or non-fatal cardiovascular events in HF, but none of the AGE–RAGE variables were predictors in ACS.A different role for the AGE–RAGE axis was observed in HF and ACS. All the sRAGE forms were directly related with glycation parameters in HF, but not in ACS. The independent value of the sRAGE forms on each cardiovascular disease was supported by esRAGE being an independent predictor of bad long-term prognosis only for HF.